This is one of the three wildlife
sanctuaries on the slopes of the western Ghats along the border between
Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Though recently renamed the Indira Gandhi Wildlife
Sanctuary, most people still refer to it by its original name. It covers
almost 1000 sq km and is home to elephant, gaur (Indian bison), tiger, panther, spotted deer,
wild boar, bear, porcupine and civet cat. The Nilgiri tahr,
commonly known as ibex, can also be spotted as can many birds.
In the heart of this beautiful
forested region is the Parmbikulam Dam which has formed an immense plain
of water that dpreads way into Kerala. The rights to this water used
mainly for irrigation and energy purpose in Tamil Nadu are the source of
one of the area's bitter disputes.